1 Oral history recorded for the Jewish Heritage Collection, College of Charleston, April 6, 1996. Available online at: https://lcdl.library.cofc.edu/lcdl/catalog/lcdl:11816.
2 Charles Reznikoff and Uriah Z. Engelman, The Jews of Charleston (Philadelphia, Pa.: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1950), 180.
3 “Banov & Volaski,” Mapping Jewish Charleston, 1910, accessed February 26, 2021, https://mappingjewishcharleston.cofc.edu/1910/map.php?id=1003.
4 Jeffrey S. Gurock, Orthodoxy in Charleston: Brith Sholom Beth Israel & American Jewish History (Charleston, SC: College of Charleston Library, 2004), 14–15.
5 Milton M. Gottesman, Hoopskirts & Huppahs: A Chronicle of the Early Years of the Garfunkel-Trager Family in America, 1856–1920 (New York: American Jewish Historical Society, 1999), 44–46.
6 Gottesman, 78, n. 73,