The 1900 US Census for Abbeville Township listed David Polliaskoff (sic), “clothing merchant,” born in Russia in 1872, as a boarder who could read, write, and speak English. In June 1901, the Press and Banner proclaimed, “He Is One of Us Now,” reporting “(a)n interesting and not very usual proceeding” in Abbeville County Court of Common Pleas: David Poliakoff had become a US citizen and, as required by law, in his Petition for Citizenship had renounced allegiance “to every foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty whatever, and particularly to the Czar of Russia of whom he was born a subject.” His Petition stated that he was a merchant, that he was born in Minsk, Russia, that he arrived at New York on or about August 15, 1893, and that he previously resided in New York state and in Aiken and Spartanburg counties, SC. Affidavits supporting his petition were submitted by J. S. Poliakoff of Langley, SC, a cousin, and M. (Mendel) Poliakoff of Gaffney, SC, a brother. Regarding the reference to Minsk, the gravestones for David Poliakoff and four of his brothers at Sons of Israel Cemetery, Aiken, SC, identify their place of birth as Kamen, Russia, consistent with the Belarus Archives documents referred to in this paper. Kamen is about 112 miles northeast of Minsk in today’s Belarus. Researchers say that immigrants and/or immigration officials in that era sometimes listed the nearest well-known city instead of the immigrant’s shtetl.